East Lincoln Animal Hospital

7555 Highway 73 East
Denver, NC 28037

(704)827-5300

eastlincolnanimal.com

Plants Toxic To Cats and Dogs  (this is a work in progress and is not all inclusive. I have tried to include the plants around our area in NC and the plants you might pick up from your local home garden store!)

If you have a question about a plant not on this list (is it toxic or not to your pet?) please go to the ASPCA toxic plant website at :http://www.aspca.org/Pet-care/poison-control/Plants

 

Aloe

Scientific Name: Aloe Vera

Family: Liliaceae

Toxicity: saponins

Species: cats and dogs

Possible clinical signs: anorexia, vomiting, diarrhea, depression, tremors, urine color change.

Buttercup

Scientific Name: Ranunculus sp

Family: Ranunculaceae

Toxicity: Protoanemonin (an irritant)

Species: Toxic to cats, dogs, and horses.

Possible clinical signs:  anorexia, vomiting, diarrhea, salivation, wobbly gait.

 

Daffodil

Scientific Name: Narcissus spp

Family: Amaryllidaceae

Toxicity: Lycorine and other alkaloids

Species: Toxic to cats, dogs, and horses.

Possible clinical signs: diarrhea, vomiting, hypersalivation, low blood pressure, convulsions, tremors, cardiac arrythmias. (Most toxic part of plant is the bulb).

 

 

Desert Rose or Desert Azalea

Scientific Name: Adenium obesum

Family: Apocynaceae

Toxicity: Digitalis like glycosides

Species: Toxic to cats, dogs, and horses.

Possible clinical signs: Vomiting, diarrhea, anorexia, depression, irregular heart beat, death 

Dumbcane (Dieffenbachia)

Scientific Name: DieffenbachiaFamily: AraceaeToxicity: Insoluble calcium oxalates, proteolytic enzyme

Species: Toxic to dogs and cats.

Possible clinical signs: mouth irritation, intense burning and irritation of mouth, tongue and lips, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing.  

Elephant ears (Caladium)

Scientific Name: Caladium hortulanum

Family: Aracea

Toxicity: contains calcium oxalate crystals

Species: Toxic to cats and dogs

Possible clinical signs: mouth irritation, intense burning and irritation of the mouth, lips, tongue, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty in swallowing.

 

Iris

Scientific Name: Iris species

Family: Iridaceae

Toxicity: .Pentacylic terpenoids (zeorin, missourin and missouriensin). Rhizomes are most toxic part of plant.

Species: Toxic to cats and dogs

Possible clinical signs: vomiting, diarrhea, hypersalivation, lethargy

 

Lillies (many varieties and colors)- Easter Lily, Day Lily, Tiger Lily.....

Scientific Name: Easter lily, Stargazer lily, Oriental lily, Asiatic lily, and Tiger lily are Lilium sp, Day lily  is Hemerocallis sp.

Family: Lilaceae

Toxicity: nephrotoxin, cause kidney failure in cats.

Species: Toxic to cats, NOT dogs. Toxic to cows.

Possible clinical signs: depression, vomiting, salivating, ataxia, tremors, seizures.

 

Lily - Calla Lily

Scientific Name: Zantedeschia aethiopica

 Family: Araceae Toxicity: Gastrointestinal and Skin irritation, contains insoluble calcium oxalate. Bulbs have highest concentration.

Species: Toxic to cats and dogs.

Possible clinical signs: mouth irritation, intense burning and irritation of mouth, tongue and lips, excessive drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing.

 

Lily of the Valley

Scientific Name: Convalaria majalis

Family: LilaceaeToxicity: contains cardiac glycosidesSpecies: Toxic to cats, dogs, horses.

Possible clinical signs: vomiting, irregular heart beat, low blood pressure, disorientation, coma, seizures.

 

Macadamia Nuts

Scientific Name: Macadamia integrifolia

Family: ProteaceaeToxicity: unknown toxic agentSpecies: Toxic to dogs

Possible clinical signs: depression, vomiting, weakness (especially of rear limbs), tremors.

 

Sago Palm

Scientific Name: Cycas revoluta, zamia species

Family: CycadaceaeToxicity: CycasinSpecies: Toxic to cats, dogs, horses

Possible clinical signs: Vomiting, blood in stool or vomit, icterus (yellow tinge to skin), increased thirst,  bruising, coagulopathy, liver damage, liver failure, death.